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EEE2014 : Semiconductor Devices and Analogue Electronics

  • Offered for Year: 2019/20
  • Module Leader(s): Professor Nick Wright
  • Lecturer: Dr Sarah Olsen
  • Owning School: Engineering
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semester 1 Credit Value: 20
ECTS Credits: 10.0


To describe to the student, the operation of commercially important semiconductor devices (diodes, BJT, MOSFET) and how these are described by the semiconductor physics.

To enable the student to understand how transistors form key analog circuit building blocks – from single transistor amplifiers to OpAmps. To explain the continued and increasing importance of analog circuits and how the course content relates to the student’s day to day life.

Outline Of Syllabus

Global perspectives
The importance of semiconductor devices in electronic systems and how ongoing developments are changing the field of electronics. Similarly the increasing importance of analog circuits as we move towards “more than Moore” and systems on a chip.

Semiconductor Physics
Bond & Band models; Ohm’s law; Einstein Relation; Drift and diffusion current; Current magnitudes; charge transport in solids; Wave-particle duality; DeBroglie wavelength; Heisenberg uncertainty principle; The Quantum mechanics concept;; Tunnelling; E-K bands in solids

p-n junction:
Ideal diode I-V characteristic; Dynamic equilibrium; Built-in voltage; Current flow in p-n junctions; Shockley’s equation; Ideality factor; Generation – Recombination; Small signal equivalent circuit; Characterization of semiconductor devices; Tunnel diode;

Bipolar Transistor:
Simple description of operation, Definitions of gain; Derivation of expressions for base, collector and emitter current; D.C. characteristic, Ebers-Moll equations; Small signal equivalent circuit; Hybrid- model;

Depletion, accumulation and inversion; Importance of Fermi Energy position; Mode of operation; Pinch-off; Threshold voltage; Enhancement and depletion mode; Analysis of operation; I-V relation; Short channel effects; Transistor delay time; Small signal equivalent circuit.

Single Transistor Amplifiers
Single transistor amplifiers utilizing both BJT or MOSFET transistors. Key operational relationships of BJT and MOSFET transistors from the perspective of creating analog circuits. BJT: common-base, common-collector, common-emitter, MOSFET: common-gate, common-source, common-drain.

Transistors circuit building blocks
The key building blocks for transistor analog circuits including current mirrors, diode connected MOSFETs, Cascode circuits, active resistors, potential dividers, current mirrors. Operational Transconductance Amplifiers and the construction of Op-amps from individual transistors.

Power amplifiers and op-amps
Class A, B, AB and C, D power amplifiers. Operational amplifier including summation, differencing, comparator, and integration circuits. Analysis of the gain and frequency response with both direct connection and feedback. Analysis of distortion, noise and common mode rejection.

D-A and A-D conversion techniques

Weighted resistors; ladder network; ramp conversion; successive approximation; synchronisation methods.SAR, Dual weighted, Sigma-Delta, and Flash analog to digital conversion techniques. Voltage summing amplifier as a DAC.

Laboratory Work

Amplifier design
Simulations of common emitter amplifier design utilising SaberRD software tools to study the effect of capacitance on the frequency response of an amplifier

Experimental amplifier testing
To understand the utilisation of Op-Amps for voltage amplification. To explore frequency response Gain -Bandwidth Product, Slew Rate limitations offset voltage and bias current of the operational amplifier. To understand use of operational amplifiers in simple summing and difference circuits.

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion24:309:00Lab report
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion128:0028:00Revision for final exam
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion12:002:00Final exam
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture62:0012:00Tutorials
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture242:0048:00N/A
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion118:0018:00Revision for mid-term examinations
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion21:002:00Semicondutor and analogue mid-term examinations
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesPractical23:006:00Electronics laboratory
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study302:3075:00General reading; reviewing lecture notes; solving practice problems
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Lectures provide core material and guidance for further reading, problem solving practice is provided through tutorials. Work is further re-enforced through laboratory sessions.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written Examination1201A70N/A
Exam Pairings
Module Code Module Title Semester Comment
EEE2016Analogue Electronics1N/A
Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Practical/lab report1M15Analogue Practical
Case study1M15Coursework and Test both 7.5% each
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The assessment comprises an end of semester written examination (70%), 7.5% lab report (maximum of 2000 words), 7.5% analogue mid-term examination (60 minutes) and a 15% semiconductore mid-term examination (60 minutes).

The examination provides the opportunity for the student to demonstrate their understanding of the lecture course material. The lab report is appropriate because it provides practical analytical skills for analogue circuits.

The analogue mid-term exam is appropriate because it provides theoretical knowledge and arithmetrical skills in analogue circuits analysis.

Semester 1 Study Abroad students will be able to sit the final assessment earlier.d students will be able to sit the final assessment earlier.

Reading Lists